Ulster, Diocese of Clogher, and Monaghan

Ulster: northernmost of the historic provinces of Ireland. Modern Ulster consists of nine counties. Six (Antrim, Armagh, Down, Fermanagh, Derry, and Tyrone) now make up Northern Ireland, which is often referred to as Ulster; the remaining three (Cavan, Donegal, and Monaghan) are in the Republic of Ireland.

The name Clogher has been a mystery for many researching records. The name is used in civil and ecclesiastical records. Clogher is a town and parish in County Tyrone in the Diocese of Clogher. Clogher is a townland name in Clogher Parish in Tyrone, and in Clones Parish, which is in both Fermanagh and Monaghan counties, and in Tullycorbet Parish in Monaghan!

There are four ecclesiastical provinces in Ireland, Armagh, Dublin, Cashel and Tuam, each with an archbishop. Clogher Diocese is in the the ecclesiastical province of Armagh. Each diocese was given an name, nearly always from a historical site.

St. Macarten, one of St. Partick's followers, established a church in the Town of Clogher in the 5th century. St. Macarten's Church, the Forth Chapel, was opened on the site of an open air congreation in 1846. It remained the Bishop's Mensal Parish, Pro-Cathedral, until the 1860's in the time of Bishop Charles McNally who laid the cornerstone for the new Cathedral of St. Macarten's.. It was not completed until 1892.

What does Clogher mean?

Clochar ("a college"), son of Tuathal Maolgharbh, son of Daimhin, King of Orgiall, who died 566 AD. The town of CLOGHER in Tyrone was named after him. He was named thus, because he founded a college in that town. Thanks to Pat Traynor for the above para.

Clogher Diocese: This diocese and its boundaries were established by the year 1250 and have remained unchanged ever since. The parishes within the diocese have changed and fragmented through the centuries, due to political and economic changes, but most have historical basis. Clogher Diocese is a civil, and eccelestical entity with both Roman Catholic and Church of Ireland succession. "The Annals of Ulster continued to refer to the Bishop of Clogher as the Bisop of Airghialla [ancient territory encompassing the same lands] into the second hallf of the 14th century."1 List of Catholic Churches in Clogher Diocese.

Monaghan Town: (1981 pop. 6,177), seat of Co. Monaghan, Republic of Ireland. It is a farm market with some manufacturing. Monaghan houses the cathedral of the Roman Catholic diocese of Clogher. 4

The cathedral of the Roman Catholic bishop of Clogher, St. Macartan's, is at Monaghan Town, Republic of Ireland. It became the Cathedral Town during the Bishopric of The diocese encompasses all of Monaghan and Fermanagh, and parts of Tyrone, and Louth .4

County Monaghan: (1991 pop. 51,262), 498 sq mi (1,290 sq km), Republic of Ireland, bordered on the N by Northern Ireland. The county seat is Monaghan Town.

The northwest portion of the county is a part of the fertile central plain of Ireland; to the south and east are hilly sections. It is primarily an agricultural county. The main enterprise is the raising of beef and dairy cattle. Potatoes, oats, and turnips are the chief crops; pigs, sheep, and poultry, as well as cattle, are raised in large numbers. Other industries are bacon curing and the manufacture of furniture and footwear. 4

Clogher Town, County Tyrone:(1981 est. pop. 8,500), central Northern Ireland, on the Blackwater River. A religious center since St. Patrick's time, Clogher is the seat of a Protestant bishop; its cathedral was rebuilt in the 18th cent. and restored in 1956.4

John Joseph Hughes: The first Catholic Archbishop of New York, was born in 1797 on a small farm near the village of Augher in the Parish of Clogher in County Tyrone in the Diocese of Clogher,. Several years later his family moved to another farm nearby in the townland of Dernaved, [ Parish of Errigal Truagh1 ] County Monaghan. It was from this farmhouse, now carefully rebuilt in the Ulster American Folk Park, that John Joseph, as a young man of twenty, left for America in 1817.

Hughes, John Joseph: 17971864, American Roman Catholic churchman, b. Co. Tyrone, Ireland. He joined his family in the United States in 1817 and on graduating from Mt. St. Mary's College, Emmitsburg, Md., was ordained (1826). He served mostly in Philadelphia until 1838, when he was consecrated bishop and became coadjutor to Bishop John Dubois in New York. In 1842, Hughes was made bishop, and in 1850 the first Archbishop of New York. He obtained for the church complete control of its property by the clergy. A resolute and ardent defender of Catholicism, he engaged in debates, worked actively in behalf of Irish immigrants, and strongly urged the obliteration of European national affiliations in American Catholicism. His vigorous but unsuccessful attempt to secure state support for religious schools carried him into politics and led to the establishment of the independent Catholic school system. In the Civil War, Abraham Lincoln sent him to France to promote a friendly attitude toward the Union cause. He founded (1841) St. John's College (now Fordham Univ.) and laid (1858) the cornerstone of St. Patrick's Cathedral, New York City.

On July 3rd 1842 he preached at the blessing and dedication of St. Patrick's, in Providence, Rhode Island.2 His visit was . . . a symbol of the homeland connections and camaraderie that Tyrone people nurtured in the New World. All the more so when we discover that Bishop Hughes' godmother, Rose McCann, had settled in Providence earlier in the century.3

This is all noted for several reasons. As a child I often saw a picture of Bishop Hughes, and never knew anything about him - nor why the picture was there. The Clogher Record published an article about Providence, my home town, and St. Patrick's Church and cemetery. Fr. Jude McGeough, one of my family, was a curate at St. Patrick's Church in 1991 . Many immigrants from Counties Tyrone and Monaghan settled in Rhode Island, including mine!

Tying threads together - perhaps I will have a rope one day!
Ann Harney

1  Landscapes of South Ulster: An Atlas of the Diocese of Clogher, Patrick J. Duffy, Maynooth, IE
2  150th Yearbook of St. Patricks, Fr. Jude McGeough, Prov. RI
3  Diocese of Clogher: Parochial Records, from The Clogher Record, 1997 article on Tyrone Immigration to Providence, Rhode Island by Dr. Edward T. McCarron, Stonehill College, Easton, MA
4Descriptions: Random House Dictionary, Columbia Encyclopedia

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